Why osteoporosis after breast cancer
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Breast Cancer Treatment and Bone Loss
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Special Programs Osteoporosis and Breast Cancer Osteoporosisthe loss of bone mass and structure, is hastened by the sudden drop in estrogen levels that occurs as a woman enters menopauseeither naturally, by surgical removal of the ovaries before age 45, or by premature menopause caused by breast cancer treatment. Estrogen protects the bones, so estrogen deficiency is a definite risk factor for osteoporosis. Women who have had breast cancer or are considered at high risk for developing breast cancer generally receive a recommendation not to take hormone replacement therapy HRT.
If you do have templates, then it is intended to discuss this with your time or specialist tune. Butter and Want Girl to meet and provide osteoporosis: Make sure you take enough time to do up your women.
Women with breast cancer, therefore, are at Wuy for developing osteoporosis. How Is Osteoporosis Diagnosed? Osteoporosis is diagnosed with a bone mineral density BMD test. In addition, the breast cancer itself may reduce bone strength. The breast cancer cells not only stimulate tumour growth but can also stimulate the production of osteoclasts the cells that break down bone.
Which specific breast cancer treatments increase the risk of osteoporosis and fractures? Some women with oestrogen receptor positive breast cancer will need treatment to reduce oestrogen levels temporarily Why osteoporosis after breast cancer permanently by stopping the ovaries from working. This will be achieved by drugs see below or surgery to remove the ovaries, or very occasionally radiotherapy. Any permanent reduction in oestrogen levels that causes an early or premature menopause, particularly before the age of 40, will increase the risk of osteoporosis. This will depend on the chemotherapy used, the dosage and duration of treatment and is more likely in women nearing the menopause.
Again, there may be an increased risk of accelerated bone loss and osteoporosis. It is also possible that certain chemotherapy treatments may have a direct effect on bone strength and increase fracture risk. What are the cancer drugs that reduce oestrogen levels in the body? Goserelin Goserelin Zoladex belongs to a group of treatments known as gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists which can reversibly switch off oestrogen production by the ovaries ovarian suppression. It is used in pre-menopausal women and results in a loss of periods similar to the menopause — however, treatment can usually be stopped after two to three years and most women will start their periods again, although some women may experience an early menopause.
While some recovery in bone density may occur once the ovaries start working again, the extent to which bone density improves and the effect on longer term bone health or risk of fracture, is not known. Aromatase Inhibitors Many postmenopausal women with breast cancer will be treated with an aromatase inhibitor for at least five years. Commonly used drugs in this family include anastrozole Arimidexletrozole Femara and exemestane Aromasin. Aromatase inhibitors work by blocking the enzyme, aromatase, which is involved in the production of oestrogen in fatty tissues.
This oestrogen is still produced after the menopause and may stimulate breast cancer cells. Studies have shown that aromatase inhibitors can decrease oestrogen production in postmenopausal women and are very effective breast cancer treatments. They are increasingly becoming the standard treatment for postmenopausal women with oestrogen receptor positive breast cancer. The treatments are generally well-tolerated but by dramatically reducing oestrogen levels, aromatase inhibitors can increase the rate of bone loss and the risk of fractures. Remember that your treatment might have these side effects.
Helping to prevent osteoporosis There are several ways you can help to lower your osteoporosis risk. Tips Make sure you get enough calcium in your diet. Make sure you take enough exercise to build up your bones.
Cancer Why breast osteoporosis after
Getting enough calcium in your diet An average adult should have about mg of calcium every day for good bone health. Our main dietary source of calcium is dairy products. Main sources of calcium You get the most calcium from milk, cheese and yoghurt. Some fruit juices and bottled waters have added calcium. Substitute milks, such as rice milk, oat milk and soya milk can also have added calcium.
Check the label to find out how much they contain. Calcium supplements You could take supplements instead of calcium rich foods. Too much calcium can be harmful.